Guías Académicas

CRIMINAL POLICY

CRIMINAL POLICY

GRADO EN ESTUDIOS GLOBALES/GLOBAL STUDIES

Curso 2021/2022

1. Subject Information

(Date last modified: 02-06-21 11:18)
Code
109029
Plan
290
ECTS
4.00
Type
Opcional
Year
3
Duration
Second semester
Area
DERECHO PENAL
Departament
Derecho Público General
Virtual platform

Campus Virtual de la Universidad de Salamanca

Professor Information

Profesor/Profesora
María Nieves Sanz Mulas
Group/s
Único
Departament
Derecho Público General
Area
Derecho Penal
Centre
Fac. Derecho
Office
279
Office hours
Se determinarán al principio de curso
Web address
http://nievessanz.es
E-mail
ixmucane@usal.es
Telephone
923 294 500 (ext. 6969)

2. Association of the subject matter within the study plan

Curricular area to which the subject matter pertains.

Optative subject

Purpose of the subject within the curricular area and study plan.

To complement students' political education by understanding and analysing national and international criminal policy

Professional profile.

Public sector, international cooperation, international organizations, NGOs, research and academia, etc.

3. Prerequisites

Political and legal background

4. Learning objectives

  • Understand the meaning and function of Criminal Policy.
  • To understand the historical evolution of the State and its corresponding criminal policies.
  • To understand and assimilate the criminal policy basis of each institution of the penal system.
  • To understand the main political-criminal conflicts that are generated in modern Western societies, and the theoretical and practical responses generated by the public authorities to them.
  • Critical analysis of reality and social problems, articulating solutions that respect human rights and the principles of equality and universal accessibility.
  • Capacity to integrate the different legal, sociological and psychological knowledge to provide systemic solutions that address the criminal phenomenon from a global perspective.
  • Systematize and argue proposals to prevent crime, delinquency and victimization.

5. Contents

Theory.

Lesson 1. CONCEPTUAL APPROACH TO CRIMINAL POLICY

CRIMINAL POLICY AS A PART OF STATE POLICY.

Totalitarian states and criminal Policy

Criminal policy in democratic states: crime prevention in Social and Democratic Rule of Law.

CRIMINAL POLICY AS A DISCIPLINE.

Social policies: with special reference to educational policy.

2. Media policies.

Restorative justice.

 

Lesson 2. CRIMINAL POLICY IN THE AGE OF GLOBALIZATION

I.        FEATURES OF TODAY’S SOCIETY

International protection of human rights and its weaknesses.

State Welfare Crisis and Neoliberalism

Globalization and the Risk Society

II.       CRIMINAL POLICY IN THE AGE OF GLOBALIZATION

1.       Symbolic Criminal law.

2        Criminal Risk Law

3.       Enemy Criminal Law.

III.      THE NEW CRIMINAL POLITICAL AUTHORITARIANISM IN SPAIN

1.       The phantom enemy in Spanish criminal law

2.       Real crime and perceived crime. The cost of punitive populism

 

Lesson 3. THE ACTORS OF CRIMINAL LAW

THE INTERNATIONALIZATION OF CRIMINAL LAW

II.       THE MEDIA AND PUNITIVISM

1.       The media, public opinion and criminal law

2.       Agenda-setting and the relevance of criminal

3.       The technique of framing and its influence on criminal policy.

III.      POWERS BEHIND THE MEDIA AGENDA

1.       Political parties and media

2.       Victims' associations and other special interest/lobby groups

3.       Control of media and deontological responsibility

 

Lesson 4. CRIMINAL POLICY IN THE PROTECTION OF LIFE

I.        THE PROTECTION OF LIFE AS A FUNDAMENTAL LEGAL GOOD

II.       HOMICIDE VS. MURDER

III.      THE DEBATE ON SUICIDE AND EUTHANASIA

IV.      PREGNANT’S WOMAN CONSENT AND THE CRIME OF ABORTION

 

Lesson 5. CRIMINAL POLICY AGAINST GENDER VIOLENCE

THE SERIOUS PROBLEM OF GENDER PROBLEM.

THE SHADOWS IN THE FIGHT AGAINST GENDER VIOLENCE

The Integral Law against Gender Violence and the State Pact

The commitment to a gendered criminal law without a gender perspective

3.       A focus on mild act of male violence.

4.       Victimization and protection of women against their will

5.       The protection order and false reports.

III.      TOWARDS A TRULY COMPREHENSIVE SOLUTION.

 

Lesson 6. CRIMINAL PROTECTION OF SEXUAL FREEDOM

I.        SESUALITY AND STATE MODEL

II.       FROM THE PROGRESSIVE REFORMISM OF THE 1995 PENAL CODE TO THE MORALIZATION OF SEXUALITY

III.      CHILD SEXUALITY AND CRIMINAL POLICY

IV.      CRIMINAL POLICY ON PROSTITUTION

Between abolitionism and soft prohibitionism

Towards a legalizing model of prostitution

 

Lesson 7. THE CHALLENGE OF TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME

I.        THE PHENOMENON OF ORGANIZED CRIME

TRANSNATIONAL ORGANIZED CRIME AND CRIMINAL HARMONIZATION

SPANISH CRIMINAL LAW AGAINST ORGANIZED CRIME

The limits of traditional criminal law

Inadequate response to crimes of membership in a criminal organization or group.

IV.      CRIMINAL POLICY ALTERNATIVES

 

Lesson 8. CRIMINAL POLICY ON ILLEGAL INMIGRATION AND HUMAN TRAFFICKING

I.        THE MIGRATION PHENOMENON IN THE ERA OF GLOBALIZATION

1.       Migratory movements and border closures

2.       The over-criminalization of immigrants as dangerous people.

II.       CRIMINAL POLICY ON ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION

The crime of migrants trafficking

2.       Alternative criminal policy

III.      HUMAN TRAFFICKING

Criminal policy on human trafficking

Towards a comprehensive criminal policy

 

Lesson 9. CRIMINAL POLICY ON DRUGS

I.        THE INEFFECTIVENESS OF THE CURRENT WAR ON DRUGS

II.       PENALIZATION VS LEGALIZATION

1.       The progressive abandonment of zero tolerance

2.       Individual freedom vs. public health: (soft) drugs vs. alcohol and tobacco

III.      ALTERNATIVE CRIMINAL POLICY: THE PORTUGUESE EXAMPLE

 

Lesson 10. CRIMINALITY AND POWER: CRIMINAL POLICY ON CORRUPTION AND WHITE-COLLAR CRIME

I.        GLOBALIZATION AND PUBLIC CORRUPTION

II.       POLITICIANS AND BUSINESSMEN: DANGEROUS FRIENDSHIP AND IMPUNITY

III.      MEASURES AGAINST WHITE-COLLAR CRIME: CRIMINAL LIABILITY OF LEGAL PERSONS

IV.      MEASURES AGAINST PUBLIC CORRUPTION

1.       Reform of crimes against the public administration and the crime of illegal financing of political parties

2.       The necessary specialization, means and independence of judges and prosecutors

3.       The international collaboration to recover the money and end the tax amnesties

4.       Administrative control of public management and the necessary social awareness

 

Lesson 11.  CRIMINAL POLICY AGAINST TERRORISM

I.        THE CHALLENGE OF ISLAMIC TERRORISM: THE JIHAD GENERATION

II.       INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL POLICY ON TERRORISM

1.       Concept of terrorism and integrative elements

2.       Preventive wars and the criminal law of the enemy as an international strategy against terrorism

III.      ANTI-TERRORIST CRIMINAL POLICY IN SPAIN AND CRIMINAL LAW OF THE ENEMY

IV.      CRIMINAL POLITICAL ALTERNATIVES TO THE TERRORIST PHENOMENON

The illegitimacy of the war on terrorism and the ineffectiveness of criminal law as the only answer

Parallel societies and homegrown terrorism

3.       For a criminal law guaranteed against terrorism.

 

Lesson 12. CULTURAL DIVERSITY AND CRIMINAL POLICY

I.        MIGRATION AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY: MANAGEMENT MODELS

1.       The French assimilationist model.

2.       The English multiculturalist model.

3.       The contradictory Spanish position on multiculturalism

II.       MULTICULTURALISM AND CRIMINAL LAW

1.       Hate crimes

2.       Culturally motivated crimes (cultural crimes)

Practice.

In the first weeks, the lectures will be mainly theoretical. However, all of them open discussions in order to reinforce the comprehension of the basic concepts of the subject. These sessions, led by the professor, will be based on real cases taken from the current press.

During the next weeks, the following list of practices is indicative:

  • Analysis of real cases
  • Commentary on specialized texts and papers
  • Formal discussions

6. Competences acquired

Basic / General.

Basic

CB2. Que los estudiantes sepan aplicar sus conocimientos a su trabajo o vocación de una forma profesional y posean las competencias que suelen demostrarse por medio de la elaboración y defensa de argumentos y resolución de problemas dentro de su área de estudio.

CB4. Que los estudiantes puedan transmitir información, ideas, problemas y soluciones a un público tanto especializado como no especializado.

CB5. Que los estudiantes hayan desarrollado aquellas habilidades de aprendizaje necesarias para emprender estudios posteriores con un alto grado de autonomía.

General                                                                              

CG1. Aplicar los conocimientos adquiridos para resolver problemas concretos en entornos nuevos o poco conocidos dentro de contextos más amplios (o multidisciplinares).

CG2. Conocer y aplicar los distintos métodos de investigación en el ámbito de las ciencias sociales para analizar problemas en relación con su especialidad.

CG3. Desarrollar habilidades de organización, planificación de tareas y coordinación de proyectos que faciliten el trabajo en Equipo.

CG4. Desarrollar habilidades para diseñar e implementar de forma práctica planes y programas de resolución de problemas con un enfoque global o multidisciplinar.

Specific.

CE4. Conocer los retos actuales para la justicia en un mundo globalizado, así como el análisis de la situación de los derechos humanos en el mundo.

CE6. Evaluar y analizar las líneas de política exterior de los Estados. CE7 - Conocer las bases jurídicas que sustentan las relaciones internacionales en distintas áreas.

CE13. Conocer y comprender los distintos mecanismos de toma de decisiones y resolución de problemas en el contexto internacional. CE14 - Conocer el papel de los medios de comunicación y de las distintas tecnologías de la información en un mundo global.

CE16. Comprender los distintos movimientos migratorios a lo largo de tiempo y su importancia en el ámbito internacional, así como las consecuencias políticas, económicas y sociales de las mismas.

CE17. Conocer las características de la seguridad internacional, así como los desafíos actuales.

CE18. Describir los conflictos internacionales más importantes y reconocer los distintos factores causales de los mismos

CE19. Dominar las técnicas de investigación política y social avanzadas, así como operar con datos de investigación cuantitativos y/o cualitativos.

CE20 - Analizar y comprender la situación política en un entorno global, sabiendo diferenciar las distintas fuentes de legitimidad de los actores y de las instituciones, así como los componentes básicos del Estado y el diseño institucional de los sistemas políticos.

7. Teaching methods

The proposed teaching method will be based on a combination of theoretical classes with a practical approach to the meaning and function of criminal policy. Students will be expected to have an active participation.

8. Anticipated distribution of the use of the different teaching methods

9. Resources

Reference books.

Reference book:

Classes will be governed by the book: SANZ MULAS, N., Criminal policy in the age of globalization, Tirant lo Blanch, Valencia, 2021.

Resource books:

  • BLANCO LOZANO, Carlos: Tratado de Política Criminal, Tomo I, Bosch, Barcelona, 2007
  • BORJA JIMÉNEZ, Emiliano: Cursos de política criminal, Tirant lo Blanch, Valencia, 2003.
  • GARCÍA ARÁN, Mercedes/ BOTELLA CORRAL, Joan (Dirs): Malas noticias. Medios de comunicación, política criminal y garantías penales en España, Tirant lo Blanch, Valencia, 2008.
  • GARCÍA ESPAÑA, E / DÍEZ RIPOLLÉS, J ( Dirs): Realidad y política penitenciarias, Informe ODA 2010/ 2011, Instituto Andaluz Interuniversitario de Criminología, Málaga, 2012.
  • GARLAND, David:  La cultura del control, Gedisa, Barcelona, 2005.
  • LARRAURI PIJOAN, Elena: “La economía política del castigo “, en Revista Electrónica de Ciencia Penal y Criminología, RECPC 11-06 (2009)
  • RIVERA BEIRAS, I., (Coord.), Política criminal y sistema penal. Viejas y nuevas racionalidades punitivas, 2ª edic., Anthropos, Barcelona, 2011.
  • ZÚÑIGA RODRÍGUEZ, Política Criminal, Madrid, Colex, 2001.

10. Assessment

General considerations.

Students must demonstrate a sufficient level of the required general, basic and specific skills to pass the course.

Assessment criteria.

The assessment of the subject will be the following:

  • 60% of the result of the final theoretical exam. To pass the course, at least 50% of this exam must be passed.
  • 40% of the result of the student's practice. This criterion will take into account the qualification of the work done by the student, as well as other criteria such as his participation in class, the quality of the presentations, resolution of practical cases, etc.

Assessment tools.

Continuous evaluation (40 % of the final mark): seminars (practical activities)

Final exam (60% of the final mark): multiple choice test

Assessment recommendations.

Attend and actively participate in both theoretical and practical classes

Guidelines in the case of failing the subject.

The extraordinary call will consist of a multiple-choice exam with both practical and theoretical content (100% of the final mark).

11. Weekly teaching organization